JEWS AMONG THE 250 MOST
FREQUENTLY CITED SCHOLARS & WRITERS
IN THE ARTS & HUMANITIES LITERATURE
(22% of total)
What follows is a list
of Jews and persons of half- or three-quarters-Jewish
descent who are among the 250 most frequently cited
scholars and writers (from antiquity to the present) in
the arts and humanities literature, according to the Arts
& Humanities Citation Index, 1976-1983. The
ranking of each in terms of relative citation frequency is
indicated in square brackets. For more information
concerning the methodology employed in the formulation of
this list, see http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/essays/v9p381y1986.pdf.
appearing on the list are primarily from the fields of
philosophy, criticism, history, and literature.
-  Karl Marx
-  Biblical Authors
-  Sigmund Freud
-  Noam Chomsky
-  Jacques Derrida
-  Roman Jakobson
-  Claude Lévi-Strauss
-  Ludwig Wittgenstein 1
-  Sir Karl Popper
-  Gyorgy Lukács
-  Theodor Adorno 2
-  Edmund Husserl
-  Thomas Kuhn
-  Walter Benjamin
-  Erwin Panofsky
-  Franz Kafka
-  Harold Bloom
-  Sir Ernst Gombrich
-  Ernst Cassirer
-  Herbert Marcuse
-  Yuriy Lotman
-  Émile Benveniste
-  Peter Berger 3
-  Marcel Proust 4
-  Hilary Putnam
-  Hannah Arendt
-  Josephus
-  Nelson Goodman 5
-  Martin Buber
-  Erik Erikson 6
-  Erich Auerbach
-  William Labov
-  Clifford Geertz 7
-  Meyer Abrams
-  Émile Durkheim
-  Stanley Fish
-  Lionel Trilling
-  Saul Kripke
-  Eric Hobsbawm
-  Miguel de Cervantes 8
-  Richard Ellmann
-  Geoffrey Hartman
-  George Steiner
-  Leo Spitzer
-  Jean Starobinski
-  E. D. Hirsch, Jr.
-  Imre Lakatos
-  Henri Bergson
-  Erving Goffman
-  Sir Isaiah Berlin
-  Susan Sontag
-  Richard Hofstadter
-  Irving Howe
-  Harry Levin
Jewish father, half-Jewish mother; see, e.g., Ludwig
Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius, by Ray Monk
(Penguin, New York and London, 1990, pp. 4-7).
2. Jewish father,
3. Berger was born to Viennese-Jewish parents who became
Protestants in 1938. The family found refuge from
the Nazis during World War II in British Mandate
Palestine. See Im Morgenlicht der Erinnerung:
Eine Kindheit in turbulenter Zeit, by Peter L.
Berger (Molden, Cologne, Germany, 2008).
4. Jewish mother, non-Jewish father.
5. Jewish father, non-Jewish mother.
6. Son of a
Danish-Jewish mother, Karla Abrahamsen, and a
German-Jewish step-father, Dr. Theodor Homburger.
Prior to her marriage to Homburger, Erikson's mother was
briefly married to a Danish Jew, Valdemar Isidor
Salomonson. Erikson claimed, however, that his
real biological father was an unknown, non-Jewish
Dane. See Erik Erikson: a detailed
evaluation and genogram study, by Monica
7. Jewish mother (née Lois Brieger), non-Jewish father.
8. See, e.g., The Cambridge Companion to Cervantes,
edited by Anthony Cascardi (Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, UK, 2008, p. 4). Writing of Cervantes'
parents, Cascardi states in the Introduction: "While the
family might have had some claim to nobility they often
found themselves in financial straits. Moreover,
they were almost certainly of converso origin,
that is, converts to Catholicism of Jewish ancestry."
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